ECOBINE provides a complex and extended knowledge of ecological planning and building. It is knowledge of 2 decades of research and practical building experience.

The contents are systematically and modularly structured. Because if its complexity, the context is divided in sections. These sections are energy, water, building material, waste, urban structures and urban space, mobility, socio-culture and economy. In the end, the correlation of the sections will be analysed.

The sections are dividend in main topics, topics and sub-topics. Every section describes the existing situation in connection with environmental problems. It explains the basic conditions and main objectives and introduces and discusses detailed methods of resolutions.
Existing projects give an example for the implementation of concrete building projects.

Because ecological building is subject to a variety of effects, conditions but also closed interactions between the sections, the contents of these sections are linked.

The modularly structured contents of ECOBINE include basic and specific knowledge and are kept up to date under the terms of current research and project work.
On the one hand, the modules consist of the sections; on the other hand specific sub-topics within the section might be modules.


Ecological Structure

First of all, the framework of building activities has to be defined. Building activities have an impact on the ecological structure. As a result, the environment will be partly affected by damages and irreparable changes.


Section Energy: The energy demand and the energy consumption are said to be key sections of all environmental activities. In the majority of cases, the input of energy requires limited resources and causes pollutant emissions (dust, hydrocarbons, heavy metals and so on). The chapter describes methods of resolution for saving energy and the use of regenerative energy sources.

Section Water: Throughout the world, the adequate water supply of humans and nature is a main problem. The conventional use of water and the conventional sewage water treatment cause pollution of water resources. The destruction of natural reservoirs and filter systems endangers local water and nutrient cycles. Often, there are simple techniques of saving drinking water and closing local water cycles.

Section Building Material: The biggest part of material flow is caused by the building industry. Erecting buildings means resource consumption and land use, waste and pollutants,... The analysis of life cycles of building materials -starting from environment-friendly extraction up to recycling- reveals ample scope. Thereby, the construction of buildings plays an incisive role.

Section Waste: There should not be any waste. A lot of valuable resources are will be destroyed. Throughout the world, the piles of rubbish are growing. Building materials should produce only a minimum of waste and should allow separation of different components. The use of secondary resources is a reasonable method within an ecological holistic concept.

Section Urban Structures and Urban Space: The poor quality of living in cities results in urban sprawl. The demand for „Stadtschaft“– which means building without destroying the functions of landscape – comes to the fore. Concentrated urban development with convenient distances is the decisive factor for urban structure. The planning of open space has to include the preservation of local water and nutrient cycles and the conservation of bioactivity.

Section Mobility: After the industrial revolution, the aspiration for mobility jumped up because of the new energetic techniques. To cover a distance at a great velocity was not a problem any longer. This was the beginning of land-using infrastructure which needed living space and resources. On the one hand, concentrated urban development provides convenient distances. On the other hand, alternative means of transportation may help to save resources and prevent land use.

Section Socio-culture: Cities act as social living space for different age groups, races and cultures. The aspect of living together plays an important role: The mixture and diversity of occupancy such as working and living of young and old generations comes to the fore. The development of social balanced quarters demands integration of people with different incomes, lifestyles and different kind of households.

Section Economy: cities are locations of trade, industry and services, hence they are the location of work. Economical aspects such as supply, demand and location are incisive factors for urban development. Cost calculations are necessary. At the end, ecological building is always economic, because it prevents consequences of damages to environment.

Ecological Holistic Concepts


Ecological building allows living and working and meets the social and cultural demands of people without damaging the environment.

Therefore, every planning project demands a holistic concept which combines and supports the different influences of the different sections.
A systematical procedure is required:

  • to analyse problems,
  • to appoint objectives,
  • to compile methods of resolutions within the holistic concept,
  • to realise and customise solutions

This procedure is very complex: we have to do this for all sections but need not to forget the holistic concept which combines all sections. To concentrate on the detail with one eye on the holistic concept is a complex endeavour.

We aspire to imbed our lifes into the cycle of nature.

The main objective is the handling and solving of problems which includes studying the pros and cons of different techniques and methods and analysing the different influences.

Ökologische Gesamtkonzepte Abfall Mobilität Soziokultur Ökonomie Städtebau, Freiraum Wasser Baustoffe, Konstruktionen Energie