ECOBINE provides a complex and extended knowledge of ecological planning and building. It is knowledge of 2 decades of research and practical building experience.
The contents are systematically and modularly structured. Because if its complexity, the context is divided in sections. These sections are energy, water, building material, waste, urban structures and urban space, mobility, socio-culture and economy. In the end, the correlation of the sections will be analysed.
The sections are dividend in main topics, topics and sub-topics. Every
section describes the existing situation in connection with environmental
problems. It explains the basic conditions and main objectives and introduces
and discusses detailed methods of resolutions.
Because ecological building is subject to a variety of effects, conditions but also closed interactions between the sections, the contents of these sections are linked.
The modularly structured contents of ECOBINE include basic and specific
knowledge and are kept up to date under the terms of current research
and project work.
First of all, the framework of building activities has to be defined. Building activities have an impact on the ecological structure. As a result, the environment will be partly affected by damages and irreparable changes.
Section Energy: The energy demand and the energy consumption are said
to be key sections of all environmental activities. In the majority
of cases, the input of energy requires limited resources and causes
pollutant emissions (dust, hydrocarbons, heavy metals and so on). The
chapter describes methods of resolution for saving energy and the use
of regenerative energy sources.
Section Water: Throughout the world, the adequate water supply of humans
and nature is a main problem. The conventional use of water and the
conventional sewage water treatment cause pollution of water resources.
The destruction of natural reservoirs and filter systems endangers local
water and nutrient cycles. Often, there are simple techniques of saving
drinking water and closing local water cycles.
Section Building Material: The biggest part of material flow is caused
by the building industry. Erecting buildings means resource consumption
and land use, waste and pollutants,... The analysis of life cycles of
building materials -starting from environment-friendly extraction up
to recycling- reveals ample scope. Thereby, the construction of buildings
plays an incisive role.
Section Waste: There should not be any waste. A lot of valuable resources
are will be destroyed. Throughout the world, the piles of rubbish are
growing. Building materials should produce only a minimum of waste and
should allow separation of different components. The use of secondary
resources is a reasonable method within an ecological holistic concept.
Section Urban Structures and Urban Space: The poor quality of living
in cities results in urban sprawl. The demand for „Stadtschaft“–
which means building without destroying the functions of landscape –
comes to the fore. Concentrated urban development with convenient distances
is the decisive factor for urban structure. The planning of open space
has to include the preservation of local water and nutrient cycles and
the conservation of bioactivity.
Section Mobility: After the industrial revolution, the aspiration for
mobility jumped up because of the new energetic techniques. To cover
a distance at a great velocity was not a problem any longer. This was
the beginning of land-using infrastructure which needed living space
and resources. On the one hand, concentrated urban development provides
convenient distances. On the other hand, alternative means of transportation
may help to save resources and prevent land use.
Section Socio-culture: Cities act as social living space for different
age groups, races and cultures. The aspect of living together plays
an important role: The mixture and diversity of occupancy such as working
and living of young and old generations comes to the fore. The development
of social balanced quarters demands integration of people with different
incomes, lifestyles and different kind of households.
Section Economy: cities are locations of trade, industry and services,
hence they are the location of work. Economical aspects such as supply,
demand and location are incisive factors for urban development. Cost
calculations are necessary. At the end, ecological building is always
economic, because it prevents consequences of damages to environment.
Ecological Holistic Concepts
Ecological building allows living and working and meets the social and cultural demands of people without damaging the environment.
Therefore, every planning project demands a holistic concept which
combines and supports the different influences of the different sections.
This procedure is very complex: we have to do this for all sections but need not to forget the holistic concept which combines all sections. To concentrate on the detail with one eye on the holistic concept is a complex endeavour.
We aspire to imbed our lifes into the cycle of nature.